This chapter discusses which analytical techniques are most useful in the identification of minerals and the most common instruments available for determining mineral properties: Polarizing Light Microscope (PLM), X-ray Diffractometer (XRD), and a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) with an Energy-Dispersive Spectrometer (EDS). Once the mineral properties are identified or measured, a searchable mineral database is used to narrow the possible mineral species.
Topics covered in Chapter 19 include:
• The Process of Identification
• Our Mineral Database
• Other Databases
• New Minerals
This Mineralogy and Optical Mineralogy Series is specifically designed to take full advantage of digital media technology to empower students and teachers of mineralogy. Using color photographs, illustrations, movies, 3D models that can be rotated, interactive diagrams, and review questions, this series makes a challenging subject approachable. Also, each chapter in the series is available separately allowing the reader to pick and choose only those chapters they need for their specific course.